April 15, 1945
Eva Braun moves into the "Fuehrerbunker".
April 16, 1945
From the Oder, the Red Army approaches to Berlin. During the last great battle of the Second World War for the Seelower Hoehen, more than 72.000 soldiers died north from Frankfurt/Oder within 4 hours - on both sides.
April 20, 1945
Hitlerís 56th birthday. For a last time, all leaders of the Regime meet in the New Reich Chancellery. In the afternoon Hitler decorates several HJ-Boys. Under an increasing nervousness most of the government members hastily leave Berlin still that evening. After the end of the official event and in absence of Hitler, Eva Braun continues frolic celebrating together with the bunker personnel.
April 21, 1945
First bombs fall in the area of the government quarter. Hitler tries to get information about the situation of a counterstrike that he had ordered and that should be carried out by division Steiner which - in reality no longer even existed - and that Hitler supposed to be north-eastern of Berlin.
April 22, 1945
Noontime: During a turbulent briefing Hitler suffers several rage attacks. He admits that the war is lost and gives notice of his suicide. He ordered relocation of most of the military staff to Goering on the Obersalzberg. General Hans Krebs becomes representative ob the supreme commander of the armed forces (Wehrmacht) in the 'Fuehrerbunker'.
Evenings: Hitler appoints SS-General Wilhelm Mohnke as commander of the fights in the government area (defense zone: fortress = ďZitadelleď).
Evenings: Goebbels announced that he would stay in Berlin together with Hitler. Shortly after that, Magda Goebbels moves into the bunker, together with her six children.
April 23, 1945
Noontime: Hitler announces General Helmuth Weidling supreme commander of the armed forces in Berlin.
In the afternoons: Goering telegraphically asks whether - with the relocation of the military staff to the Obersalzberg - he - according the follow-up regulation of 1941 - also obtains the command over the troops. He asks for reply until 22:00. Hitler understands this as an ultimatum and orders the arrest of Goering. On April 25 Goering was arrested by SS-troops on the Obersalzberg.
April 24, 1945
Noontime: Hitler gives instruction to build up an auxiliary airport on the East-West-Axis (today the avenues: Unter den Linden / Pariser Platz / Strasse des 17. Juni). In fact several airfreighter and courier-aeroplanes land and take off there during the next days.
April 25 until 27, 1945
Hitler orders larger military units for backing, from the environment of Berlin. Nearly all of the commanders refuse following Hitler, open or indirectly, temporizing. None of the units succeeds in breaking through the Soviet lines to get into the city of Berlin.
April 28, 1945
16:00: Hitler dictates his political and private testament to his secretary Traudl Junge.Three copies of it were brought out of town by couriers.
Evenings: Hitler learns that Himmler has started negotiations with the Allied Forces regarding a capitulation. Livid, he orders the execution - according to marcial law - of Himmlerís personal representative in the Reich Chancellery, SS-General Hermann Fegelein. Fegelein was found so drunk that the execution could take place in the morning of April 29 only. In the summer of 1944 Fegelein had married the sister of Eva Braun: Margarete, so that he was the husband of Hitlerís sister-in-law at the time of his execution.
Late evening: General Armin Ritter von Greim - announced as new Commander of the Airforce by Hitler, after the degradation of Goering - leaves the bunker, together with the air woman Hanna Reitsch. Provided with commands of Doenitz and several farewell letters of the bunker occupants they succeed in leaving Berlin with a small plane, starting near the Brandenburger Tor - that was the last flight from the East-West-Axis.
April 29, 1945
00:00: Marriage of Hitler and Eva Braun. Goebbels and Bormann are witnesses to the marriage. The marriage ceremony was effected by a registrar from a Volkssturm division (German territorial people's army) who had been ordered to come into the bunker. During that night further marriages between members of the bunker personnel took place.
Noontime: Hitler arranged for testing out of cyanide pills (that were distributed in the bunker) on his Alsatian dog Blondi.
April 30, 1945
3:00: radiogram reaches the bunker, informing that definitely none of the larger units near Berlin could get through to the governance quarter.
about 15:15: Hitler disbands his loyal staff and then goes into his private rooms, together with his wife. In front of the door his Adjutant Otto Guensche and his Attendant Heinz Linge. Then Adolf and Eva Hitler mutually commit suicide in Hitlerís living- and workroom in the bunker. Eva takes cyanide tablets, Hitler shot himself in the head. Soon afterwards - in the garden of the Reich Chancellery (Reichskanzlei) - their dead bodies are doused with gasoline and burnt. The details, also the exact time of the double suicide, cannot exactly be reconstructed today. The reports of the witnesses, who stayed near Hitlerís private rooms in the bunker at that time, are not identical in many single aspects and also have changed during the years. But serious doubts with regard to Hitler's suicide are - against some lurid reporting afterwards - beyond question.
Evenings: Goebbels - Reich Chancellor according Hitlerís last will now - takes over leadership in the bunker.
May 1, 1945
02:00: General Krebs leaves the bunker for peace negotiations for the German Reich with the USSR via a Soviet General. In Moscow Stalin is informed about it and rejects that absurd offer. He asks Krebs for immediate and unconditional surrender. Krebs rejects and returns to the bunker at about 14:00.
Late evening: In the bunker Magda Goebbels poisons her six children.
At about 22:00, eventually earlier, she leaves the bunker together with her husband who shoots her down firstly - and then himself, in the garden of the Reich Chancellery.
Short before 23:00: Under the command of General Mohnke the bunker inhabitants leave - in several troops - the New Reichskanzlei through cellar windows. Through subway funnels they escape from the governance quarter. Most of them get imprisoned by the Soviets, some of them take their lives, others die during the last fights.
May 2, 1945
03:00: Commander of German troops in Berlin, General Weidling, announces the capitulation. As he has no more contact to several units, he announces the end of the combat operations via broadcast and sound trucks.
Early morning: The Generals Krebs and Burgdorf who still stayed in the bunker shot themselves in the conference room.
In the mornings: Soviet troops occupy the New Reichskanzlei. They obviously have no knowledge of the existance, at least of the exact position, of the Fuehrerbunker.
09:00: As first troop of the Red Army, about ten aid women enter the bunker. In search for goods, they presumably had lost their way in spacious channels under the Reichskanzlei. In the bunker they meet the machinist Johannes Hentschel, who stayed there as one of the last. They ask for the private rooms of Eva Braun, depredate her garderobe and leave while swaying underwear and bras.
15:00: The Red Army seizes the bunker.
May 4, 1945
Because of the persistent rumors that Hitler is still alive, the Red Army spreads photos of a body - that has extra been arranged to look similar to Hitler.